Engineered substrates like SOI wafers need to be ready years in advance of any major shift in technology – and before much of the rest of the materials and equipment. The fabs and foundries as well as the entire design chain – need real wafers they can work with early on to meet R&D and testbed needs – plus to ensure that volume ramping goes smoothly when the time comes.
450mm wafers for fully-depleted SOI (FD-SOI) are on target for the industry’s current 450mm deployment plans. (If you want some more info on FD-SOI, see my previous blog, FD-SOI Foundations Ready, Say Semi Execs)
The current buzz says that 450mm will coincide with the 14nm technology node – around 2015. That’s actually not all that much time for such a big shift – pilot lines will have to be in place in just a couple of years.
FD-SOI requires SOI wafers with very thin top silicon, and current trends also include a very thin layer of insulating buried oxide (BOX). Soitec, the leading SOI wafer manufacturer, is currently in volume ramp for the 300mm version of its Xtreme SOI wafers for FDSOI, shipping thousands of samples every month (wafer giant SEH is producing them, too). In synch with the industry rollout, wafers for 450mm FD-SOI will be ready on schedule, too.
Soitec makes wafers of all sizes using their industry-proven Smart Cut(TM) technology. They’ve used it in high-volume production of SOI wafers for over a decade, so there are no surprises there. (See how they do it, see their ASN article, FD-SOI: The Substrates Are Ready.)
Under the aegis of the European 450mm Equipment and Materials Initiative – or EEMI 450, for short (which we covered last year in ASN), the EV Group and Soitec worked together on the requisite wafer bonding equipment for 450mm SOI wafers. The first system is being delivered to Soitec’s manufacturing facility near Grenoble this fall for test and qualification.
EVG says the EVG850SOI/450-mm runs at production line speed and comprises a cleaning module and pre-bonding module.
So to recap, it’s all systems go for FD-SOI – first for 22nm/300mm, then for 14nm/450mm. FD-SOI is:
And it will keep right on going through 11nm. The ball is clearly rolling.